The U.S. company Bell Helicopter presented a concept of passenger helicopter of the future provisional developed under the designation FC-X. According to Aviation Week, for the implementation of this concept, the company intends to conduct research in the field of hybrid propulsion system, a new compensation system moment of rotor systems, autonomous flight and control the distribution of energy.
Helicopter called this type of rotary-wing aircraft, loading and driving forces which are created by one or more carriers by screws. Learn more about the modern types of rotary-wing aircraft can be found in our material. Some companies believe that in its current form, the helicopter is already obsolete. Among the proposed changes that you can make in the design of such cars: the use of diesel engines, hybrid propulsion cycle or use electric motors.
Bell Helicopter concept involves establishing high-speed helicopter, capable of carrying eight to 12 passengers. As for its size, it will be a few more modern Bell 412. The last length is 17.1 meters, and rotor diameter-14 meters. The new machine to get a hybrid power plant, in which a small gas turbine engine (it is possible to use two motors) will be connected to the generator, vyrabatyvajushhemu enough energy to power on-board systems and electric motors. The latter will be responsible to drive the main rotor.
In FC-X planned to abandon the tail rotor, which in addition to control the direction of flight and is responsible for the compensation of the reactive moment of main rotor. Without this compensation Corps helicopter will rotate in the direction opposite to the rotation of the rotor. Instead of steering screw in the tail boom is scheduled to host the system of electric fans with managed air exhaust direction. Such fans are on both sides of the tail boom and will be responsible for managing the direction of flight and reactive compensation of the moment.
As a Compensator peak energy consumption modes, takeoff and landing, as well as when flying at maximum speed to be used in batteries. What it is, the company has not yet determined. These batteries if necessary, will provide the missing power, you will not be able to issue a generator. In cruise flight batteries will be recharged by a generator. In FC-X also planned to establish a system of charging batteries from vibration of the helicopter Corps.
The booming helicopter you plan to install the Adaptive air intakes on which air flow will flow in gas-turbine plants. Depending on the modes and speeds of flight section of these air intakes will be modified in such a way that the gas turbines have gotten plenty of air, but the air intakes created drag as possible. Such a decision would waste less fuel in flight and energy.
The helicopter may be equipped with autonomous flight, however, it is anticipated that most of the time he will fly running pilot. In the cockpit will be completely absent any devices. All necessary information will be displayed on the augmented reality glasses, picture, visible through the eyes of pilots will interfere with computer-generated images. The information will be fully customized by the pilot.
Finally, the passenger cabin of the FC-X will run the unit, i.e. its layout can be changed quickly just replacing individual ready sites. Seats passengers will be equipped with individual entertainment systems, communication devices to negotiate with each other, as well as custom lighting. With this illuminated light intensity and color of the passengers will be able to manage on their own. Other details about the new helicopter has not yet disclosed.
In September last year, it became known that the development of their version of the new passenger helicopter deals with American Boeing’s concern. It is planned to use the aircraft for individual and passenger transport in the city and suburbs. The concept of forward-looking apparatus involves the creation of the helicopter, in which schema lateral rotating in opposite sides of the rotors to be installed on the perpendicular to the fuselage wing. It is anticipated that the range of prospective Boeing helicopter is about 640 kilometers.
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